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20 June 2006 — An Introduction to Classic Films (13)

text by Kris, links by J.D.

[Note: Kris' original title was Vintage Film Sampler: What to Watch When You Don't Know What You Like, but it's just too damned long!]

A friend of ours recently joined Netflix and asked me to make some recommendations. Although Jd & I do our fair share of adding recent releases to our Queue, I think Netflix's true strengths shine when it comes to viewing both TV series and Classic Films.

I am a sucker for the old black-and-whites. Especially Warner Bros. Especially from the late thirties and forties. Especially Bette Davis.

Turner Classic Movies was my first introduction to many of these vintage films, but even they don't own the rights to everything. Netflix has a very respectable inventory of the most-acclaimed Classic Films, but they are missing some of the more obscure from my favorite actors.

If you're new to the genre, I've compiled a list to get you started. Once you've sampled from the list, it's easy to branch out according to your taste. Pick a favorite actress (Katharine Hepburn, for example), Director (George Cukor, anyone?), year or two (hard to beat 1939-1942 in my book), romantic duo (ie. Bogart & Bacall) or style (screwball comedy, film noir).

The list is chronological. Remember that most actors worked on contract in those days, meaning they churned out the movies, so there are bound to be some losers among their credited titles. As the list moves from thirties to fifties, color arrives and the films lose their cinematic innocence. Movies of the fifties and sixties are bleaker, angrier, more "real" than their theatrical predecessors. (By the seventies, I think they're mostly vapid or in need of therapy.)

I've organized most of the list according to leading actress for two reasons: the movies I love almost always have a strong female character, and the biggest names (and salaries) during this era were the leading ladies (partly due to the influence of WWII in the mid-forties). Davis and Hepburn get the most due to the incredible length and breadth of their careers. I hope my plot summaries below aren't as bad as the Sci-Fi blurbs, but face it, vintage films require you to accept implausibility.

I hope you find something you like!


Claudette ColbertIt Happened One Night (1934)
I'm not normally a screwball comedy fan, but the chemistry between Colbert and Clark Gable is undeniable. Directed by Frank Capra (It's a Wonderful Life), this early film set the stage for the next fifteen (or fifty) years of romantic comedies.

Katharine HepburnStage Door (1937)
Before Hepburn was a big star, her trademark cheekbones were part of this ensemble cast that also features Ginger Rogers, Eve Arden (the principal in Grease), Lucille Ball, and Ann Miller. In the role of a snooty aspiring actress, Hepburn's so convincingly bad you'll forget she's acting.

Bette DavisJezebel (1938)
Warner Bros.' pre-emptive answer to Gone with the Wind. Davis is a rebellious Southern Belle opposite Henry Fonda. Great supporting cast. Includes dueling and the obligatory happy slaves singing gospel songs and an obscenely melodramatic ending. No one but Davis could have carried off this plot.


Norma ShearerThe Women (1939)
One of the most popular stars in her day, Shearer's name hasn't survived among the pantheon of movie greats. But this is a great film. The all-woman cast includes Joan Fontaine, Joan Crawford, Rosalind Russell, and Marjorie Main. It deftly showcases some of the fads and trends of the day, and has both snappy and heartfelt dialogue. There's a decent remake as a musical with June Allyson (The Opposite Sex, 1956). If you like Shearer, she played a sympathetic Marie Antoinette opposite Tyrone Power (va-va-voom!) the previous year. [J.D.'s note: there's also a new version in production. I like this film.]

Katharine HepburnThe Philadelphia Story (1940)
C'mon — you've seen this one, right? An uber-classic. Fabulous trio of Hepburn, Cary Grant, and Jimmy Stewart; it's hard to know which guy to root for. All the minor roles excellent, too. (Make sure you don’t get the watery musical remake with Grace Kelly and Bing Crosby from 1956 — called High Societyugh!)

Joan FontaineRebecca (1940)
You'll win a prize if you can figure out Fontaine's character's name in this classic psychodrama by Hitchcock (hint: it's not Rebecca). Also a wonderful leading role spin by Laurence Olivier, if you want to see what your grandmothers were swooning over. Stellar supporting cast. If you like the movie, the book is even better.


Ingrid BergmanGaslight (1940)
The vulnerable Bergman is lovely in her distress in this film. Although the plot is a bit thin, both she and Charles Boyer, her (mis)leading man, shine. Too bad Joseph Cotton is so stiff here.

Bette DavisAll This, and Heaven Too (1940)
Davis is a governess who accidentally sparks the French Revolution when she becomes embroiled in a battle of wills between a Duke and Duchess. Features some nice child actresses (including June Lockhart of later Leave it to Beaver fame). NOT available on Netflix! Let's start a letter-writing campaign. [J.D.: I find this film tedious. It's not available on Netflix because it's not out on DVD.]


Orson WellesCitizen Kane (1941)
No true fan of cinema should skip this movie. All of Welles' films are scary in their single-minded, experimental genius; this is the least flawed among them. Pay attention to the groundbreaking camera work by Gregg Toland. And oh yeah, Welles is the lead actor, writer, director and producer of this amazing film. He was 26 at the time. [J.D.: Kane has some great moments and should not be missed, but the film d-r-a-g-s in its last act. Welles was 26! 26! It boggles the mind.)

Greer GarsonMrs. Miniver (1942)
Director William Wyler made this movie about a British family in WWII to encourage the US to join the war against Germany. And it worked! FDR used part of the film's dialogue to persuade the Americans that the fight was worthy. It's cheesy patriotism but the casting is perfect and there's a twist in the end. It will make you remember that there were wars for which we sacrificed more than just our tax dollars. Greer Garson also played a charming Elizabeth Bennet (opposite Laurence Olivier as Darcy) from 1940, and if you like movies about famous chemists, she's a wonderful Madame Curie in 1943. (Unfortunately — neither available from Netflix, although Random Harvest, a decent alternative, is.)

Bette DavisNow, Voyager (1942)
Ah, unrequited love. Davis' transformation from over-mothered spinster to confident (and secretly fallen) woman is beautiful. Also a great scene where she gets to tell off her controlling mother. You may have never seen the leading man, Paul Henreid, in anything else, but he will capture your heart here. Be forewarned: very cheesy ending.

Ingrid BergmanNotorious (1946)
What could be finer than Bergman and Cary Grant teaming up to fight the Nazis! Hitchcock balances the romance, character development and suspense in one of his best. Great camera work. Kudos to villain Claude Rains, too; at times, he steals the show and you feel sorry for him even though he is a Nazi!

Lauren Bacall/Humphrey BogartThe Big Sleep (1946)
Ah, I long for the days when a leading man could be ridiculous-looking, and be named Humphrey, but still make the ladies pant. Don't allow yourself to be confused by the plot (or lack thereof) in this one. Just enjoy the ride. None of the Bogart/Bacall movies have serious credentials; they existed merely as excuses to get this team together on the screen.

Irene Dunne/William PowellLife with Father (1947)
Adapted from what was (at the time) the longest-running non-musical Broadway play of all time, a very cheesy family comedy set in 1883 New York. Good clean fun that will probably bore the pants off any young movie-viewer today. Lots of complaints on the Netflix site about the DVD quality on this and a few other older films. Sounds as though some film restoration is in order so we don't lose classics like this one. [J.D.: This film is goofy fun. Some of the dialogue is as hilarious as you'll ever find, especially when Mother explains her shopping rationale. And who can forget Father's constant refrain of "I am not going to be bap-uh-tized."]

Katharine HepburnAdam's Rib (1949)
Had to include at least one Hepburn pairing with Spencer Tracy. Their off-screen romance permeates their acting. In this film they are husband-and-wife lawyers on opposite sides of a case in which a woman tried to kill her husband for infidelity. A wonderful examination of gender issues is woven through the slapstick. (My fave Spencer/Hepburn, Without Love, isn't available from Netflix.)


Bette DavisAll About Eve (1950)
You owe it to yourself to see this film. Top-notch acting from the entire cast (including Marilyn Monroe in a minor role). Deliciously wicked. Has the famous "bumpy night" line. Don't know what I'm talking about? Rent it. By now, the young attractive actress Bette Davis has morphed into the weird-looking later Bette Davis, but her acting became even more powerful as she aged. [J.D.: Despite some slowness in the middle, this is a great film. Excellent writing, and for a long time the film with the most Academy Award nominations.]

Grace Kelly/Jimmy StewartRear Window (1954)
Edge-of-your-seat Hitchcock. This is such a classic that people refer to it in casual conversation; time to see the movie if you're missing the allusions. Kelly's cool beauty is a perfect foil to the clautrophobic suspense of voyeur Stewart trapped by his window with a pair of binoculars. [J.D.: I find this film dull; I much prefer Vertigo, which Kris hates.]


Henry FondaTwelve Angry Men (1957)
See, I can like a movie with all men! One of the best of all time. Pure psychological drama; you'll be sweating along in the jury room and turning on the fan. Watch this one when you can savor the exquisite pacing and characterizations. No distractions, please. [J.D.: Kris first saw this film a year ago. She was raving about it as soon as the credits rolled.]

Elizabeth Taylor/Paul NewmanCat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958)
Wow! This adaptation of Tennessee Williams' drama sizzles with sexual frustration. If you think Liz is only famous for her myriad marriages, friendship with Michael Jackson and malodorous perfumes, you owe it to her legacy to see this film. She didn't get many meaty roles (typecast for her looks rather than her acting abilities) but she's an absolute carnivore in this one. Me-ow!


Marilyn MonroeSome Like it Hot (1959)
This movie crackles with inside jokes and witty repartee. Monroe is mostly eye-candy, but charmingly so. Tony Curtis and Jack Lemmon provide most of the laughs, but the real star of this film is the screenplay by Billy Wilder. Even better the second time around. Although this movie is from the late-fifties, it could have been written in 1938, perhaps because Wilder had been working in films since 1929. [The funniest movie ever made — even the AFI thinks so. Even better the twentieth time around. One of my top three films of all time.]

Other notes:
A Lion in Winter (1968) — Too late to be in my fave era, but worth seeing if only for Katharine Hepburn's luminescent turn long after most of her contemporaries were long gone.

Musicals — that's a whole separate entry!

Notable absences:
Barbara Stanwyck: some love her, but I think she always seems like she has gas
Joan Crawford: ugh — too butch for me
Myrna Loy: I love Myrna Loy, but don't really like the films she's in. If you must try her, your best bet is the Thin Man series with William Powell.
Gone With The Wind: I just assume everyone's seen this one. If not, take the day off work, rent the full version, and enjoy the War Between the States.

[Research for this entry was aided by the TLA Video & DVD Guide, a very handy reference.]


Comments
On 20 June 2006 (10:00 AM), buster said:

Ditto on the Stanwyck comment, but Double Indemnity is a classic. Edward G Robinson is the best part though.

A recommendation for Greta Garbo in Ninotchka, a very good comedy.

In the film noir category, Laura with Dana Andrews and Gene Tieney.
And though not really a leaduing lady movie, Out of the Past, a Robert Mitchum and Greer Garson film.

No mention of Audrey Hepburn in Roman Holiday or Breakfast at Tiffanys.

Grace Kelly was better in It takes a Thief.

but really good choices. I was lucky enough to see many of them in the movie theater. And no, not as a 1st run, I'm old, but not that old!


On 20 June 2006 (10:39 AM), J.D. said:

I just realized that Kris didn't include any Judy Garland on the list. Judy's got a tottally different vibe than most of these stars, but Kris likes her, too. She loves Meet Me in St. Louis. My favorite is A Star is Born (especially the "Born in a Trunk" sequence).

Also, I personally think 42nd Street (with the adorable Ruby Keeler) should have made the list, but Kris hates it...


On 20 June 2006 (10:46 AM), Michael Rawdon said:

Lots of good stuff here. I'm a big fan of It Happened One Night.

I'm not a big fan of Jimmy Stewart, so The Philadelphia Story isn't one of my favorites, even though I love both Cary Grant and Katharine Hepburn. My favorite Stewart film is probably Rear Window.

Other notable Grant/Hepburn films are Bringing Up Baby and Holiday. Stage Door is good, too. Unfortunately I found it very hard to sit through The Lion In Winter - it got rather tedious after a while.

Not much Bogart, huh? Other than Casablanca, my favorite Bogart film is The African Queen (with Katharine Hepburn). I also enjoyed To Have And Have Not enough to read Hemingway's novel, which the film barely resembles.

My favorite Grant and Hitchcock film, and perhaps my favorite film ever, is North by Northwest. It's just brilliant from beginning to end.

The Lady Vanishes is my favorite early-period Hitchcock. A really wonky Hitchcock film, totally out-of-place among his oeuvre, is Under Capricorn. But it's pretty good, rougly contemporary with Notorious. The late 40s seem to have been a period of experimentation and transition for Hitchcock.

No Audrey Hepburn at all? As with Buster (above), I like both Roman Holiday and Breakfast at Tiffany's. I can take or leave Sabrina, though. But Charade is an amazing film (also with Cary Grant), which is sort of a prototype James Bond film, only without the action sequences. The Nun's Story is an interesting - if odd - film.

Don't forget A Streetcar Named Desire!

My favorite epic-movie-longer-than-3-hours is Lawrence of Arabia. It drags in places (as it practically inevitable), but it's totally worth it.


On 20 June 2006 (11:20 AM), John said:

Great post - thank you!


On 20 June 2006 (01:45 PM), Bill Hooker said:

I must protest! The Big Sleep is a Chandler story with screenplay by Faulkner: serious credentials indeed.


On 20 June 2006 (01:59 PM), buster said:

Though I love Audrey Hepburn & therefore liked Sabrina, the Bogart-Hepburn love story was just creepy. He was 55 in real life, she was 25. Ewwww!

Lawrence of Arabia ("Orence" as Omar Sharif would say) is magnificent in the theatre. If it ever plays at a local rep theater, run to see it.


On 20 June 2006 (03:08 PM), Courtney said:

Kris, thanks so much for putting this list together. My queue should now last us through the next couple of months, unless Andrew catches on and sneaks some sci-fi in between the classics. Shhhh...don't tell him.


On 21 June 2006 (08:22 AM), Dave said:

All good movies, but the thing that sometimes turns me off to these older movies is the very reason why they're classics. In many cases it seems to me these films use techniques or plot devices that are "old hat" now, although they were certainly innovative at the time. That and the fact that it seems like they also want to take five minutes to make a point that should take 30 seconds. Perhaps that's attributable to my modern, shortened, attention span. Still, there's a couple that I haven't seen- Notorious and All About Eve (believe it or not), that I'll keep in mind the next time we're at the video store. Thanks, Kris.


On 13 July 2006 (09:38 PM), Kris said:

How could I forget "The Shop Around the Corner" (1940)? This film (directed by Ernst Lubitsch who also did Ninotchka-- see buster's comment above) is set in a Budapest luggage shop and stars Jimmy Stewart (yes, again!) and Margaret Sullavan as feuding co-workers who are secret penpal lovers. Does the plot sound familiar? It could be you saw one of the remakes: "In the Good Old Summertime" (1949) with Judy Garland and Van Johnson, a musical, of course, or the saccharin-sweet "You've Got Mail" (1998) with Meg Ryan and the Stewart-of-our-times: Tom Hanks. In my opinion, this original is by far the best of the three. An added bonus is Frank Morgan, the Wizard in "The Wizard of Oz" of the previous year. At 49, Margaret Sullavan died of an overdose after suffering years of depression and almost complete deafness. There is some controversy, as with Marilyn Monroe, whether it was suicide or accidental.


On 21 June 2007 (10:38 AM), Micheal Hulsey said:

Kylie Minogue is the first woman to be honoured with this year's Music Industry Trusts' Award...


On 24 September 2008 (01:29 PM), Diann Bryant said:

Who wrote the results piece for the
google page #8? It says June Lockhart was of later Leave it to Beaver fame. Barbara Billingsly was the mom on Leave it to Beaver! I went through IMBd's lineup for the show, and it does not list June Lockhart. I think someone is a little mixed up!


On 24 September 2008 (01:39 PM), Diann said:

Correction: The website is IMDb


On 24 September 2008 (01:46 PM), Diann said:

I am new to this website, I use IMDb a lot. I am having a little trouble finding what I want on this site. I put in June Lockhart to see if I could find out about her "acting childhood" as the google page also said about her, but nothing came up on this website for her. Can someone tell me how this site works?